1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the Word of Jehovah by the mouth
of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, Jehovah stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that
he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and also put it in writing, saying,
2 Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: Jehovah the God of Heaven, has given me all the
kingdoms of the earth; and He has commanded me to build Him a house at Jerusalem
which is in Judah.
3 Who is there among you of all His people? His God be with him, and let him go up to
Jerusalem which is in Judah, and build the house of Jehovah the God of Israel (He is
God), which is in Jerusalem.
4 And whoever remains in any place where he dwells, let the men of his place help him
with silver and gold, with goods and livestock, besides the freewill offerings for the house
of God which is in Jerusalem.
5 Then the heads of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests and the Levites,
with all those whose spirit God had aroused to go up and build the house of Jehovah which
is in Jerusalem,
6 and all those who were around them, encouraged their hands with articles of silver and
gold, with goods and livestock, and with precious things, besides all that was willingly
7 King Cyrus also brought out the articles of the house of Jehovah, which
Nebuchadnezzar had brought out of Jerusalem and had put them in the house of his gods;
8 and Cyrus king of Persia brought them out by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and counted them out to Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah.
9 This is the number of them: thirty gold platters, one thousand silver platters, twenty-nine
10 thirty gold basins, four hundred and ten silver basins of a second kind, and one
thousand other articles.
11 All the articles of gold and silver were five thousand four hundred. All these
Sheshbazzar took with the captives who were brought from Babylon to Jerusalem.
1 Now these are the people of the province who came back from the captivity, of those
who had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away
to Babylon, and who returned to Jerusalem and Judah, everyone to his own city.
2 Those who came with Zerubbabel were Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah,
Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, and Baanah. The number of the men of the
people of Israel:
3 the sons of Parosh, two thousand one hundred and seventy-two;
4 the sons of Shephatiah, three hundred and seventy-two;
5 the sons of Arah, seven hundred and seventy-five;
6 the sons of Pahath-Moab, of the sons of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand eight hundred
7 the sons of Elam, one thousand two hundred and fifty-four;
8 the sons of Zattu, nine hundred and forty-five;
9 the sons of Zaccai, seven hundred and sixty;
10 the sons of Bani, six hundred and forty-two;
11 the sons of Bebai, six hundred and twenty-three;
12 the sons of Azgad, one thousand two hundred and twenty-two;
13 the sons of Adonikam, six hundred and sixty-six;
14 the sons of Bigvai, two thousand and fifty-six;
15 the sons of Adin, four hundred and fifty-four;
16 the sons of Ater of Hezekiah, ninety-eight;
17 the sons of Bezai, three hundred and twenty-three;
18 the sons of Jorah, one hundred and twelve;
19 the sons of Hashum, two hundred and twenty-three;
20 the sons of Gibbar, ninety-five;
21 the sons of Bethlehem, one hundred and twenty-three;
22 the men of Netophah, fifty-six;
23 the men of Anathoth, one hundred and twenty-eight;
24 the sons of Azmaveth, forty-two;
25 the sons of Kirjath Arim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred and forty-three;
26 the sons of Ramah and Geba, six hundred and twenty-one;
27 the men of Michmash, one hundred and twenty-two;
28 the men of Bethel and Ai, two hundred and twenty-three;
29 the sons of Nebo, fifty-two;
30 the sons of Magbish, one hundred and fifty-six;
31 the sons of the other Elam, one thousand two hundred and fifty-four;
32 the sons of Harim, three hundred and twenty;
33 the sons of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred and twenty-five;
34 the sons of Jericho, three hundred and forty-five;
35 the sons of Senaah, three thousand six hundred and thirty.
36 The priests: the sons of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred and seventy-three;
37 the sons of Immer, one thousand and fifty-two;
38 the sons of Pashhur, one thousand two hundred and forty-seven;
39 the sons of Harim, one thousand and seventeen.
40 The Levites: the sons of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the sons of Hodaviah, seventy-four.
41 The singers: the sons of Asaph, one hundred and twenty-eight.
42 The sons of the gatekeepers: the sons of Shallum, the sons of Ater, the sons of
Talmon, the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hatita, and the sons of Shobai, one hundred and
thirty-nine in all.
43 The temple slaves: the sons of Ziha, the sons of Hasupha, the sons of Tabbaoth,
44 the sons of Keros, the sons of Siaha, the sons of Padon,
45 the sons of Lebanah, the sons of Hagabah, the sons of Akkub,
46 the sons of Hagab, the sons of Shalmai, the sons of Hanan,
47 the sons of Giddel, the sons of Gahar, the sons of Reaiah,
48 the sons of Rezin, the sons of Nekoda, the sons of Gazzam,
49 the sons of Uzza, the sons of Paseah, the sons of Besai,
50 the sons of Asnah, the sons of Mehunim, the sons of Nephusim,
51 the sons of Bakbuk, the sons of Hakupha, the sons of Harhur,
52 the sons of Bazluth, the sons of Mehida, the sons of Harsha,
53 the sons of Barkos, the sons of Sisera, the sons of Tamah,
54 the sons of Neziah, and the sons of Hatipha.
55 The sons of Solomon's servants: the sons of Sotai, the sons of Sophereth, the sons of
56 the sons of Jaala, the sons of Darkon, the sons of Giddel,
57 the sons of Shephatiah, the sons of Hattil, the sons of Pochereth of Zebaim, and the
sons of Ami.
58 All the temple slaves and the sons of Solomon's servants were three hundred and
59 And these were the ones who came up from Tel Melah, Tel Harsha, Cherub, Addan,
and Immer; but they could not identify their father's house or their seed, whether they
were of Israel:
60 the sons of Delaiah, the sons of Tobiah, and the sons of Nekoda, six hundred and fifty-two;
61 and of the sons of the priests: the sons of Habaiah, the sons of Koz, and the sons of
Barzillai, who took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called by
62 These sought their listing among those who were registered by genealogy, but they
were not found; therefore they were considered desecrated, and excluded from the
63 And the governor said to them that they should not eat of the set apart, holy, things till a priest should stand with Urim and Thummim.
64 The whole assembly together was forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty,
65 besides their male and female servants, of whom there were seven thousand three
hundred and thirty-seven; and there were two hundred singing men and singing women.
66 Their horses were seven hundred and thirty-six, their mules two hundred and forty-five,
67 their camels four hundred and thirty-five, and their donkeys six thousand seven
hundred and twenty.
68 Some of the heads of the fathers, when they came to the house of Jehovah which is in
Jerusalem, offered freely for the house of God, to erect it in its place:
69 According to their ability, they gave to the treasury for the work sixty-one thousand
gold drachmas, five thousand minas of silver, and one hundred priestly garments.
70 So the priests and the Levites, some of the people, the singers, the gatekeepers, and the
temple slaves, dwelt in their cities, and all Israel in their cities.
1 And when the seventh month had come, and the children of Israel were in the cities,
the people gathered together as one man to Jerusalem.
2 Then Jeshua the son of Jozadak and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of
Shealtiel and his brethren, arose and built the altar of the God of Israel, to offer burnt
offerings on it, as it is written in the Law of Moses the man of God.
3 Though fear had come upon them because of the people of those lands, they set the
altar on its bases; and they offered burnt offerings on it to Jehovah, both the morning and
evening burnt offerings.
4 They also kept the Feast of Booths, as it is written, and offered day by day the burnt
offerings by number, as commanded by ordinance, day by day.
5 Afterward they offered the continual burnt offering, and those for the new moons and
for all the appointed meetings of Jehovah that were consecrated, and those of everyone
who willingly offered a freewill offering to Jehovah.
6 From the first day of the seventh month they began to offer burnt offerings to Jehovah,
although the foundation of the temple of Jehovah had not been laid.
7 They also gave money to the masons and the craftsmen, and food, drink, and oil to the
people of Sidon and Tyre to bring cedar logs from Lebanon to the sea, to Joppa, according
to the permission which they had from Cyrus king of Persia.
8 Now in the second month of the second year of their coming to the house of God at
Jerusalem, Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and the rest of their
brethren the priests and the Levites, and all those who had come out of the captivity to
Jerusalem, began, and appointed the Levites from twenty years old and above to oversee
the work of the house of Jehovah.
9 Then Jeshua with his sons and brothers, Kadmiel with his sons, and the sons of Judah,
arose as one to oversee those working on the house of God: the sons of Henadad with their
sons and their brethren the Levites.
10 When the builders laid the foundation of the temple of Jehovah, the priests stood in
their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites, the sons of Asaph, with cymbals, to praise
Jehovah, according to the ordinance of David king of Israel.
11 And they sang responsively, praising and giving thanks to Jehovah: For He is good, for His mercy is eternal toward Israel. Then all the people shouted with a great shout when they praised Jehovah, because the foundation of the house of Jehovah was laid.
12 But many of the priests and Levites and heads of the fathers, old men who had seen
the first house, wept with a loud voice when the foundation of this house was laid before
their eyes. And many shouted aloud for joy,
13 so that the people could not discern the sound of the shout of joy from the sound of
the weeping of the people, for the people shouted with a loud shout, and the sound was
heard afar off.
1 Now when the adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the sons of the captivity
were building the temple of Jehovah the God of Israel,
2 they came to Zerubbabel and the heads of the fathers, and said to them, Let us build
with you, for we seek your God as you do; and we have sacrificed to Him since the days of
Esarhaddon king of Assyria, who brought us here.
3 But Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the rest of the heads of the fathers of Israel said to them,
It is not for you to build a house for our God with us; but we ourselves together will build
unto Jehovah the God of Israel, as King Cyrus the king of Persia has commanded us.
4 Then the people of the land weakened the hands of the people of Judah. They troubled
them in building,
5 and hired counselors against them to frustrate their purpose all the days of Cyrus king of
Persia, even until the reign of Darius king of Persia.
6 In the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, they wrote an accusation
against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.
7 And in the days of Artaxerxes, Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabel, and the rest of their associates wrote to Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the letter was written in Aramaic, and translated from the Aramaic.
8 Rehum the commander and Shimshai the scribe wrote a letter against Jerusalem to King
Artaxerxes as follows:
9 From Rehum the commander, Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their associates;
representatives of Dinah, Apharsath, Tarpelah, the people of Persia and Erech and
Babylon and Shushan, Dehah, the Elam,
10 and the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Osnappar took captive and settled
in the cities of Samaria and the remainder beyond the River; and now:
11 (This is a copy of the letter that they sent him) To King Artaxerxes from your servants,
the men of the region beyond the River, and now:
12 Let it be known to the king that the Jews who came up from you have come to us at
Jerusalem, and are building the rebellious and evil city, and are finishing its walls and
repairing the foundations.
13 Let it now be known to the king, that if this city is rebuilt and the walls completed, they
will not pay tax, tribute, or toll, and the king's treasury will be damaged.
14 Now because we derive our subsistence from the palace, it was not proper for us to see
the king's dishonor; therefore we have sent and informed the king,
15 that search may be made in the book of the records of your fathers; and you will find
in the book of the records and know that this city is a rebellious city, harmful to kings and
provinces, and that they have carried out revolts within the city in ancient times, for which
cause this city was destroyed.
16 We inform the king that if this city is rebuilt and its walls are completed, then because
of it you will have no possession beyond the River.
17 The king sent an answer: To Rehum the commander, to Shimshai the scribe, to the
rest of their associates who dwell in Samaria, and to the rest beyond the River: Peace! And
18 The letter which you sent to us has been clearly read before me.
19 And I gave command, and a search has been made, and it was found that this city in
ancient times has risen up against kings, and rebellion and revolt have been carried out in it.
20 There have also been mighty kings over Jerusalem, who have ruled over all the region
beyond the River; and tax, tribute, and toll were paid to them.
21 Now give the command to make these men cease, that this city not be built until the
command is given from me.
22 Take heed now that you do not fail to do this. Why should damage increase to the hurt
of the kings?
23 Now when the copy of King Artaxerxes' letter was read before Rehum, Shimshai the
scribe, and their associates, they went up in haste to Jerusalem against the Jews, and by
force of arms made them cease.
24 Thus the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem ceased, and it came to be
ceased until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.
1 Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied to
the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel, who was
2 So Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel and Jeshua the son of Jozadak rose up and began to
build the house of God which is in Jerusalem; and the prophets of God were with them,
3 At the same time Tatnai the governor of the region beyond the River and Shethar-Boznai and their associates came to them and spoke thus to them: Who has commanded
you to build this house and finish this wall?
4 And then spoke to them in this manner: What are the names of the men building this
5 But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, so that they could not make
them cease till the matter should be brought before Darius. Then they replied by letter
6 This is a copy of the letter that Tatnai, the governor of the region beyond the River, and
Shethar-Boznai, and his associates, the Persians who were in the region beyond the River,
sent to Darius the king.
7 They sent a letter to him, in which was written thus: To Darius the king: All peace.
8 Let it be known to the king that we went into the province of Judea, to the house of the
great God, which is being built with rolling stones, and timber is being laid in the walls; and
this work goes on diligently and prospers in their hands.
9 Then we asked those elders, and spoke thus to them: Who commanded you to build this
house and to finish these walls?
10 We also asked them their names to inform you, that we might write the names of the
men who are chief among them.
11 And thus they returned an answer to us, saying: We are the servants of the God of
Heaven and earth, and we are rebuilding the house that was built many years ago, which a
great king of Israel built and completed.
12 But because our fathers provoked the God of Heaven to wrath, He gave them into the
hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, the Chaldean, who has destroyed this house and
carried the people away to Babylon.
13 However, in the first year of Cyrus king of Babylon, King Cyrus issued a decree to
build this house of God.
14 Also, the gold and silver articles of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar had
taken from the temple that was in Jerusalem and carried into the temple of Babylon; those
King Cyrus took from the temple of Babylon, and they were given to one named
Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor.
15 And he said to him, Take these articles; go, carry them to the temple in Jerusalem, and
let the house of God be rebuilt on its place.
16 Then that same Sheshbazzar came and laid the foundation of the house of God in
Jerusalem; but from that time even until now it has been building, and it is not yet finished.
17 Now therefore, if it seems good to the king, let a search be made in the king's treasure
house, which is there in Babylon, to find out whether it is so that a decree was issued by
King Cyrus to build this house of God at Jerusalem, and let the king send us his will
concerning this matter.
1 Then King Darius issued a decree, and a search was made in the house of the scrolls,
where the treasures were stored in Babylon.
2 And at Achmetha, in the palace that is in the province of Media, a scroll was found, and
in it a record was written thus:
3 In the first year of King Cyrus, King Cyrus issued a decree concerning the house of God
at Jerusalem: Let the house be rebuilt, the place where they offered sacrifices; and let the
foundations of it be firmly laid, its height sixty cubits and its width sixty cubits,
4 with three rows of heavy stones and one row of new timber. Let the expenses be paid
out of the king's house.
5 Also let the gold and silver articles of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took
out of the temple in Jerusalem and brought to Babylon, be restored and taken back to the
temple in Jerusalem, each to its place; and deposit them in the house of God.
6 Now therefore, Tatnai, governor of the region beyond the River, and Shethar-Boznai,
and your associates the Persians who are beyond the River, keep yourselves far from there.
7 Let the work of this house of God alone; let the governor of the Jews and the elders of
the Jews build this house of God on its place.
8 Moreover I issue a decree as to what you shall do for the elders of these Jews, for the
building of this house of God: Let the king's riches from the tribute of the region beyond
the River be diligently given to these men for their expenses, so that they are not hindered.
9 And whatever they need; young bulls, rams, and lambs for the burnt offerings of the
God of Heaven, wheat, salt, wine, and oil, according to the command of the priests who
are in Jerusalem; let it be given them day by day without fail,
10 that they may offer sacrifices of soothing aroma unto the God of Heaven, and pray for the life of the king and his sons.
11 Also I issue a decree that whoever alters this edict, let a timber be pulled from his
house and erected, and let him be hanged on it; and let his house be made a refuse heap for
12 And may the God who causes His name to dwell there destroy any king or people who
put their hand to alter it, or to destroy this house of God which is in Jerusalem. I, Darius,
issue a decree; let it be done diligently.
13 Then Tatnai, governor of the region beyond the River, Shethar-Boznai, and their
associates diligently did according to what King Darius had sent.
14 So the elders of the Jews built, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai
the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they built and finished it, according to the
commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the command of Cyrus, Darius, and
Artaxerxes, kings of Persia.
15 And the house was finished on the third day of the month of Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king.
16 Then the children of Israel, the priests and the Levites and the rest of the sons of the
captivity, carried out the dedication of this house of God with joy.
17 And they offered at the dedication of this house of God, one hundred bulls, two
hundred rams, four hundred lambs, and as a sin offering for all Israel twelve male goats,
according to the number of the tribes of Israel.
18 They assigned the priests to their divisions and the Levites to their divisions, over the
service of God in Jerusalem, as it is written in the book of Moses.
19 And the sons of the captivity observed the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first
20 For the priests and the Levites were purified together; all of them were pure. And they
slaughtered the Passover lambs for all the sons of the captivity, for their brethren the
priests, and for themselves.
21 Then the children of Israel who had returned from the captivity ate together with all
who had separated themselves from the uncleanness of the nations of the land in order to
seek Jehovah the God of Israel.
22 And they observed the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with joy; for Jehovah
had made them joyful, and had turned the heart of the king of Assyria toward them, to
strengthen their hands in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel.
1 Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, Ezra the son of
Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah,
2 the son of Shallum, the son of Zadok, the son of Ahitub,
3 the son of Amariah, the son of Azariah, the son of Meraioth,
4 the son of Zerahiah, the son of Uzzi, the son of Bukki,
5 the son of Abishua, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the chief
6 this Ezra came up from Babylon; and he was a skilled scribe in the Law of Moses,
which Jehovah the God of Israel had given. The king granted him all his request,
according to the hand of Jehovah his God upon him.
7 Some of the children of Israel, the priests, the Levites, the singers, the gatekeepers, and
the temple slaves came up to Jerusalem in the seventh year of King Artaxerxes.
8 And Ezra came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the
9 On the first day of the first month he began his journey from Babylon, and on the first
day of the fifth month he came to Jerusalem, according to the good hand of his God upon
10 For Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the Law of Jehovah, and to do it, and to teach the statutes and ordinances in Israel.
11 This is a copy of the letter that King Artaxerxes gave Ezra the priest, the scribe, expert
in the words of the commandments of Jehovah, and of His statutes to Israel:
12 Artaxerxes, king of kings, To Ezra the priest, a scribe of the Law of the God of
Heaven: Perfect peace, and now:
13 I issue a decree that all those of the people of Israel and the priests and Levites in my
realm, who volunteer to go up to Jerusalem, may go with you.
14 And whereas you are being sent by the king and his seven counselors to inquire
concerning Judah and Jerusalem, with regard to the Law of your God which is in your
15 and whereas you are to carry the silver and gold which the king and his counselors
have freely offered to the God of Israel, whose dwelling is in Jerusalem;
16 and whereas all the silver and gold that you may find in all the province of Babylon,
along with the freewill offering of the people and the priests, are to be freely offered for
the house of their God in Jerusalem;
17 now therefore, be diligent to buy with this money bulls, rams, and lambs, with their
grain offerings and their drink offerings, and offer them on the altar of the house of your
God in Jerusalem.
18 And whatever seems good to you and your brethren to do with the rest of the silver
and the gold, do it according to the will of your God.
19 Also the articles that are given to you for the service of the house of your God, deliver
in full before the God of Jerusalem.
20 And whatever more may be needed for the house of your God, which you may have
occasion to provide, pay for it from the king's treasure house.
21 And I, even I, Artaxerxes the king, issue a decree to all the treasurers beyond the River,
that whatever Ezra the priest, the scribe of the Law of the God of Heaven, may require of
you, let it be done diligently,
22 up to one hundred talents of silver, one hundred kors of wheat, one hundred baths of
wine, one hundred baths of oil, and salt without stipulation.
23 Whatever is commanded by the God of Heaven, let it diligently be done for the house
of the God of Heaven. For why should there be wrath against the realm of the king and his
24 Also we inform you that it shall not be lawful to impose tax, tribute, or toll upon any of
the priests, Levites, singers, gatekeepers, temple slaves, or servants of this house of God.
25 And you, Ezra, according to the wisdom of your God in your hand, appoint
magistrates and judges who may judge all the people who are beyond the River, all such as
know the Laws of your God; and teach those who do not know them.
26 Whoever will not observe the Law of your God and the law of the king, let judgment
be executed diligently upon him, whether it be death, or banishment, or confiscation of
goods, or imprisonment.
27 Blessed be Jehovah the God of our fathers, who has put such a thing as this into the
king's heart, to beautify the house of Jehovah in Jerusalem,
28 and has extended mercy to me before the king and his counselors, and before all the
king's mighty rulers. So I was encouraged, as the hand of Jehovah my God was upon me;
and I gathered chief men of Israel to go up with me.
1 These are the heads of their fathers, and this is the genealogy of those who went up
with me from Babylon, in the reign of King Artaxerxes:
2 of the sons of Phinehas, Gershom; of the sons of Ithamar, Daniel; of the sons of David,
3 of the sons of Shecaniah, of the sons of Parosh, Zechariah; and registered with him were
one hundred and fifty males;
4 of the sons of Pahath-Moab, Eliehoenai the son of Zerahiah, and with him two hundred
5 of the sons of Shechaniah, the son of Jahaziel, and with him three hundred males;
6 of the sons of Adin, Ebed the son of Jonathan, and with him fifty males;
7 of the sons of Elam, Jeshaiah the son of Athaliah, and with him seventy males;
8 of the sons of Shephatiah, Zebadiah the son of Michael, and with him eighty males;
9 of the sons of Joab, Obadiah the son of Jehiel, and with him two hundred and eighteen
10 of the sons of Shelomith, the son of Josiphiah, and with him one hundred and sixty
11 of the sons of Bebai, Zechariah the son of Bebai, and with him twenty-eight males;
12 of the sons of Azgad, Johanan the son of Hakkatan, and with him one hundred and ten
13 of the last sons of Adonikam, whose names are these: Eliphelet, Jeiel, and Shemaiah;
and with them sixty males;
14 also of the sons of Bigvai, Uthai and Zabbud, and with them seventy males.
15 Now I gathered them by the river that flows to Ahava, and we camped there three
days. And I considered the people and the priests, and found none of the sons of Levi
16 Then I sent for Eliezer, Ariel, Shemaiah, Elnathan, Jarib, Elnathan, Nathan,
Zechariah, and Meshullam, chief men; also for Joiarib and Elnathan, men of
17 And I gave them a command for Iddo, chief of the place Casiphia, and I put words in
their mouth to speak to Iddo and his brethren the temple slaves at the place Casiphia; that
they should bring to us servants for the house of our God.
18 Then, by the good hand of our God upon us, they brought us a man of understanding,
of the sons of Mahli the son of Levi, the son of Israel, namely Sherebiah, with his sons
and brothers, eighteen;
19 and Hashabiah, and with him Jeshaiah of the sons of Merari, his brothers and their
20 also of the temple slaves, whom David and the rulers had appointed for the service of
the Levites, two hundred and twenty temple slaves. All of them were designated by name.
21 Then I proclaimed a fast there at the river of Ahava, that we might humble ourselves
before our God, to seek from Him the right way for us and our little ones and all our
22 For I was ashamed to request of the king troops and horsemen to help us against the
enemy along the road, because we had spoken to the king, saying, The hand of our God is
upon all those for good who seek Him, but His power and His wrath are against all those
who forsake Him.
23 So we fasted and entreated our God for this, and He was entreated of us.
24 Then I separated twelve of the chiefs of the priests; Sherebiah, Hashabiah, and ten of
their brethren with them;
25 and weighed out to them the silver, the gold, and the articles, the offering for the house
of our God which the king and his counselors and his rulers, and all Israel who were
present, had contributed.
26 I weighed into their hand six hundred and fifty talents of silver, silver articles weighing
one hundred talents, one hundred talents of gold,
27 twenty gold basins worth a thousand drachmas, and two vessels of fine polished
bronze, precious as gold.
28 And I said to them, You are holy unto Jehovah; the articles are holy also; and the silver
and the gold are a freewill offering unto Jehovah the God of your fathers.
29 Watch and keep them until you weigh them before the chief of the priests and the
Levites and heads of the fathers of Israel in Jerusalem, in the chambers of the house of
30 So the priests and the Levites accepted the silver and the gold by weight and the
articles, to bring them to Jerusalem to the house of our God.
31 Then we departed from the river of Ahava on the twelfth day of the first month, to go
to Jerusalem. And the hand of our God was upon us, and He delivered us from the hand
of the enemy and from ambush along the road.
32 So we came to Jerusalem, and remained there three days.
33 Now on the fourth day the silver and the gold and the articles were weighed in the
house of our God by the hand of Meremoth the son of Uriah the priest, and with him was
Eleazar the son of Phinehas; with them were the Levites, Jozabad the son of Jeshua and
Noadiah the son of Binnui;
34 with the number and weight of everything. All the weight was written down at that
35 The children of those who had been carried away captive, who had come from the
captivity, offered burnt offerings to the God of Israel: twelve bulls for all Israel, ninety-six
rams, seventy-seven lambs, and twelve male goats as a sin offering. All this was a burnt
offering unto Jehovah.
36 And they delivered the king's orders to the king's satraps and the governors in the
region beyond the River. So they gave support to the people and the house of God.
1 When these things were done, the rulers came to me, saying, The people of Israel and
the priests and the Levites have not separated themselves from the peoples of the lands,
with respect to the abominations of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the
Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites.
2 For they have taken some of their daughters for themselves and their sons, so that the
holy seed is mixed with the peoples of those lands. Indeed, the hand of the rulers and
officials has been foremost in this treachery.
3 So when I heard this thing, I tore my garment and my robe, and plucked out some of the
hair of my head and beard, and sat down astonished.
4 Then everyone who trembled at the Words of the God of Israel assembled to me,
because of the treachery of those who had been carried away captive, and I sat astonished
until the evening sacrifice.
5 At the evening sacrifice I arose from my fasting; and having torn my garment and my
robe, I fell on my knees and spread out my hands to Jehovah my God.
6 And I said: O my God, I am too ashamed and humiliated to lift up my face to You, my
God; for our iniquities have increased over our heads, and our guilt has grown up to the
7 Since the days of our fathers to this day we have been in great guilt, and for our
iniquities we, our kings, and our priests have been delivered into the hand of the kings of
the lands, to the sword, to captivity, to plunder, and to shame of faces, to this day.
8 And now for a little while grace has been shown from Jehovah our God, to leave us a
remnant to escape, and to give us a peg in His holy place, that our God may enlighten our
eyes and give us a little reviving in our bondage.
9 For we were slaves; yet our God did not forsake us in our bondage; but He extended
mercy to us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to revive us, to set up the house of our God,
to rebuild its ruins, and to give us a wall in Judah and Jerusalem.
10 And now, O our God, what shall we say after this? For we have forsaken Your
11 which You have commanded by Your servants the prophets, saying, The land which
you are entering to possess is an unclean land, with the impurity of the peoples of the
lands, with their abominations which have filled it from end to end with their uncleanness.
12 Now therefore, do not give your daughters for their sons, nor take their daughters to
your sons; nor seek after their peace or prosperity forever, that you may be strong and eat
the good of the land, and leave it as an inheritance to your children forever.
13 And after all that has come upon us for our evil deeds and for our great guilt, since
You our God have held back from the bending down in punishment of our iniquities, and
have given us such deliverance as this,
14 should we again break Your commandments, and join in marriage with the people of
these abominations? Would You not be angry with us until You had finished us off, so that
there would be no remnant or escapee?
15 O Jehovah the God of Israel, You are righteous, for we are left as refugees, as it is this
day. Here we are before You, in our guilt, for no one can stand before You because of
1 Now while Ezra was praying, and while he was confessing, weeping, and falling
prostrate before the house of God, a very large assembly of men, women, and children
gathered to him out of Israel; for the people wept with a great weeping.
2 And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, answered and said to Ezra,
We have trespassed against our God, and are dwelling with foreign women from the
peoples of the land; yet now there is hope in Israel in spite of this.
3 Now therefore, let us make a covenant with our God to bring out all these women and
those who have been born to them, according to the counsel of the Lord and of those who
tremble at the commandment of our God; and let it be done according to the Law.
4 Arise, for this matter is up to you. We also are with you. Be strong, and do it.
5 Then Ezra arose, and made the chief priests, the Levites, and all Israel swear an oath
that they would do according to this word. So they swore.
6 Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God, and went into the chamber of
Jehohanan the son of Eliashib; and when he came there, he ate no bread and drank no
water, for he mourned because of the guilt of those from the captivity.
7 And they issued a proclamation throughout Judah and Jerusalem to all the sons of the
captivity, to assemble at Jerusalem,
8 and that whoever would not come within three days, according to the counsel of the
rulers and elders, all his property would be destroyed, and he himself would be excluded
from the assembly of those from the captivity.
9 So all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered at Jerusalem within three days. It was
the ninth month, on the twentieth of the month; and all the people sat in the open square of
the house of God, trembling because of this matter and because of the heavy rain.
10 Then Ezra the priest stood up and said to them, You have transgressed and have dwelt
with foreign women, adding to the guilt of Israel.
11 Now therefore, make confession to Jehovah the God of your fathers, and do His will;
separate yourselves from the peoples of the land, and from the foreign women.
12 Then all the assembly answered and said with a loud voice, Yes! As you have said, so
we need to do.
13 But there are many people; it is the season for heavy rain, and we are not able to stand
outside. Nor is this the work of one or two days, for there are many of us who have
transgressed in this matter.
14 Please, let our rulers be appointed out of the whole assembly; and let all those in our
cities who have dwelt with foreign women come at appointed times, together with the
elders and judges of their cities, until the fierce wrath of our God in this matter is turned
away from us.
15 Only Jonathan the son of Asahel and Jahaziah the son of Tikvah stood against this,
and Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite supported them.
16 And the sons of the captivity did so. And Ezra the priest set apart some of the men,
heads of fathers, according to the houses of their fathers, each of them by name; and they
sat down on the first day of the tenth month to examine the matter.
17 By the first day of the first month they finished investigating all the men who had
dwelt with foreign women.
18 And among the sons of the priests who had dwelt with foreign women, the following
were found of the sons of Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brothers: Maaseiah, Eliezer,
Jarib, and Gedaliah.
19 And they gave their hands that they would put away their women; and being guilty,
they offered a ram of the flock for their sin.
20 Also of the sons of Immer: Hanani and Zebadiah;
21 of the sons of Harim: Maaseiah, Elijah, Shemaiah, Jehiel, and Uzziah;
22 of the sons of Pashhur: Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Jozabad, and Elasah.
23 Also of the Levites: Jozabad, Shimei, Kelaiah (the same is Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah,
24 Also of the singers: Eliashib; and of the gatekeepers: Shallum, Telem, and Uri.
25 And others of Israel: of the sons of Parosh: Ramiah, Jeziah, Malchiah, Mijamin,
Eleazar, Malchijah, and Benaiah;
26 of the sons of Elam: Mattaniah, Zechariah, Jehiel, Abdi, Jeremoth, and Eliah;
27 of the sons of Zattu: Elioenai, Eliashib, Mattaniah, Jeremoth, Zabad, and Aziza;
28 of the sons of Bebai: Jehohanan, Hananiah, Zabbai, and Athlai;
29 of the sons of Bani: Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Jashub, Sheal, and Ramoth;
30 of the sons of Pahath-Moab: Adna, Chelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Bezalel,
Binnui, and Manasseh;
31 of the sons of Harim: Eliezer, Ishijah, Malchijah, Shemaiah, Shimeon,
32 Benjamin, Malluch, and Shemariah;
33 of the sons of Hashum: Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Manasseh, and
34 of the sons of Bani: Maadai, Amram, Uel,
35 Benaiah, Bedeiah, Cheluh,
36 Vaniah, Meremoth, Eliashib,
37 Mattaniah, Mattenai, Jaasau,
38 Bani, Binnui, Shimei,
39 Shelemiah, Nathan, Adaiah,
40 Machnadebai, Shashai, Sharai,
41 Azarel, Shelemiah, Shemariah,
42 Shallum, Amariah, and Joseph;
43 of the sons of Nebo: Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebina, Jadau, Joel, and Benaiah.
44 All these had taken foreign women, some being women with whom they
brought forth children.