1 For all this I took to heart, in order to explain it: that the righteous and the wise and
their works are in the hand of God. No man knows, whether by love or hatred, all that is
2 All happens alike to everyone; there is one event to the righteous and to the wicked; to
the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him who sacrifices, and to him who does
not sacrifice. As is the good, so is the sinner. He who swears is as he who fears an oath.
3 This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event to
all. Yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart
while they live, and after that they go to the dead.
4 For whoever is chosen, of all those living, there is confidence; for a living dog is
better than a dead lion.
5 For the living know that they shall die; but the dead do not know anything, nor do they
have any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.
6 Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, have now perished; nor do they ever
any longer have a part in anything that is done under the sun.
7 Go, eat your bread with joy, and drink your wine with a merry heart; for God has
already accepted your works.
8 Let your garments always be white; and let your head lack no ointment.
9 Look on life with the wife whom you love all the days of your vain life, which He has
given you under the sun, all the days of your vanity. For that is your share in this life, and
in your labor which you labor under the sun.
10 Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with all your might; for there is no work nor
reasoning nor knowledge nor wisdom in Sheol where you go.
11 I returned and saw under the sun that the race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the
strong, nor yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches to men of understanding, nor yet favor to
men of skill; but time and chance happens to them all.
12 For man also does not know his time; as the fish that are taken in an evil net, and as
the birds that are caught in the snare; so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when
it falls suddenly upon them.
13 This wisdom I have seen also under the sun, and it seemed great to me.
14 There was a little city with few men in it; and a great king came against it and
besieged it, and built huge bulwarks against it.
15 And a poor wise man was found in it, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no
one remembered that poor man.
16 And I said, Wisdom is better than strength; but the poor man's wisdom is despised,
and his words are not heard.
17 The words of the wise are heard in quiet, more than the shouts of him who rules
18 Wisdom is better than weapons of war; but one sinner destroys much good.