1 Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus (this was the Ahasuerus who reigned
over one hundred and twenty-seven provinces, from India to Ethiopia),
2 in those days when King Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in
Shushan the palace,
3 that in the third year of his reign he made a feast for all his officials and servants; the
powers of Persia and Media, the nobles, and the rulers of the provinces being before him;
4 when he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the splendor of his excellent
greatness for many days, even one hundred and eighty days.
5 And when these days were completed, the king made a feast lasting seven days for all
the people who were found in Shushan the palace, from great to small, in the court of the
garden of the king's palace.
6 There were white and violet linen curtains fastened with cords of fine linen and purple on silver rods and marble pillars; and the couches were of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of red, turquoise, and pearl and black marble.
7 And they served drinks in golden vessels, each vessel being different from the other,
with royal wine in abundance, according to the hand of the king.
8 In accordance with the law, the drinking was not compulsory; for so the king had
ordered all the officers of his household, that they should do according to each man's
9 Queen Vashti also made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to
10 On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded
Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, seven officials who
served in the presence of King Ahasuerus,
11 to bring Queen Vashti before the king, wearing her royal crown, in order to show her
beauty to the people and the officials; for she was beautiful in appearance.
12 But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king's command brought by his officials;
therefore the king was furious, and his rage burned within him.
13 Then the king said to the wise men who understood the times (for this was the king's
manner toward all who knew law and judgment,
14 those closest to him being Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena,
and Memucan, the seven rulers of Persia and Media, who had access to the king's
presence, and who sat first in the kingdom):
15 What shall we do to Queen Vashti, according to law, because she has not observed
the command of King Ahasuerus brought to her by the officials?
16 And Memucan answered before the king and the rulers: Queen Vashti has not only
wronged the king, but also all the rulers, and all the people who are in all the provinces
of King Ahasuerus.
17 For the queen's behavior will become known to all women, so that they will despise
their husbands in their eyes, when they report, King Ahasuerus commanded Queen
Vashti to be brought in before him, but she did not come.
18 And this day the noble ladies of Persia and Media will say the same to all the king's officials, when they have heard of the behavior of the queen. Thus there will be more than enough contempt and wrath.
19 If it please the king, let a royal decree go out from him, and let it be recorded in the laws of Persia and Media, so that it shall not become obsolete, that Vashti shall come no more before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal power to another woman who is better than she.
20 And when the king's decree which he will make is proclaimed throughout all his
empire (for it is great), all wives will honor their husbands, both great and small.
21 And the words pleased the king and the rulers, and the king did according to the word
22 Then he sent letters to all the king's provinces, to each province in its own writing,
and to every people in their own language: That each man should rule in his own house;
and that it should be spoken in the language of each nation.