1 And Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father-in-law, heard all that God had done for
Moses and for His people Israel; that Jehovah had brought Israel out of Egypt.
2 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife (after Moses had sent
3 with her two sons, of whom the name of one was Gershom (for he said, I have been a
sojourner in a foreign land)
4 and the name of the other was Eliezer (for he said, The God of my father was my help,
and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh);
5 and Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses in the
wilderness, where he was encamped at the mountain of God.
6 And he said to Moses, I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife
and her two sons with her.
7 And Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, bowed down, and kissed him. And
they asked each other about their welfare, and they went into the tent.
8 And Moses told his father-in-law all that Jehovah had done to Pharaoh and to the
Egyptians on account of Israel, all the distress that they had encountered along the way,
and how Jehovah had delivered them.
9 And Jethro rejoiced for all the good which Jehovah had done for Israel, whom He had
delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians.
10 And Jethro said, Blessed be Jehovah, who has delivered you out of the hand of the
Egyptians and out of the hand of Pharaoh, and who has delivered the people from under
the hand of the Egyptians.
11 Now I know that Jehovah is greater than all the gods; for in the very things in which
they behaved proudly, He was above them.
12 And Jethro, Moses' father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices unto God. And
Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat bread with Moses' father-in-law before God.
13 And so it was, on the next day, that Moses sat to judge the people; and the people
stood before Moses from morning until evening.
14 And when Moses' father-in-law saw all that he did for the people, he said, What is this
thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit, and all the people stand
before you from morning until evening?
15 And Moses said to his father-in-law, Because the people come to me to inquire of
16 When they have a matter, they come to me, and I judge between a man and his
neighbor; and I make known the statutes of God and His Laws.
17 And Moses' father-in-law said to him, The thing that you do is not good.
18 Both you and these people who are with you will droop to exhaustion. For this thing is
too much of a burden for you; you are not able to do it by yourself.
19 Listen now to my voice; I will give you counsel, and God be with you: Be before God
for the people, so that you may bring the matters to God.
20 And you shall teach them the statutes and the Laws, and show them the way in which
they should walk and the work they should do.
21 Moreover you shall select from all the people able men, who fear God, men of truth,
hating unjust gain; and place these over them as rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds,
rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
22 And let them judge the people at all times. Then it will be that every great matter they
shall bring to you, but every small matter they themselves shall judge. So it will be easier
for you, and they shall bear the burden with you.
23 If you do this thing, and God so commands you, then you will be able to endure, and
all this people will also go to their place in peace.
24 So Moses heeded the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said.
25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people:
rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.
26 And they judged the people at all times; the hard matters they brought to Moses, but
they judged every small matter themselves.
27 And Moses sent his father-in-law away, and he departed to his own land.